What is Islam? The word "Islam" means submission and peace. Submission is to the will of God and peace means to be at peace with yourself and your surroundings. A broader meaning of the word "Islam" is to achieve peace by submitting to the will of God. This is a unique religion, with a name which signifies a moral attitude and a way of life. Judaism takes its name from the tribe of Juda, Christianity from Jesus Christ, Buddhism from Goutam Buddha and Hinduism from the Indus River. However, Muslims derive their identity from the message of Islam, rather than the person of Muhammad , , thus it is wrong to call them "Muhammadans”.