Saul Friedländer (born October 11, 1932) is an Israeli historian of German-Bohemian origin. A former member of the clandestine militant Zionist group Irgun, he received his Ph.D. from the University of Geneva in 1963. He is a Professor of History at the University of California, Los Angeles. Born in Prague to German-speaking Jews, Friedländer grew up in France and survived the German Occupation of 1940-1944. From 1942 until 1944, Friedländer was hidden in a Catholic boarding school in the south of France posing as a Gentile. While in hiding, Friedländer suffered psychologically and for a time considered converting to Roman Catholicism.