Is there a fact of the matter concerning the Earth being alive? On one hand we can say yes, as long as the definition of life is made precise, but someone can always argue we should use the term in another way. So there is always a normative linguistic component to the issue. We might dispute that if we think there is an élan vital that the Earth either has or does not have, but modern biology makes such a thing seem untenable. So barring disputes on whether the Earth possess certain characteristics that can be agreed to constitute a living thing, the issue seems mainly to be a normative one: should we say the Earth is alive? Hence, there would seem to be no fact of the matter.